not your blog

reading responses and class conversation

gender January 31, 2007

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 12:25 pm

In common usage, the word gender often refers to the sexual distinction between male and female

-Jamaal

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Gender and Society

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 12:56 am

                   Gender and society, nature or nurture?  These debates have been going on since the making of mankind.  What is a man’s role and what is the women’s role?  Though gender roles have improved quite a bit in time we are still battling issues of equality of women and men; equality in the work force, family, economically and more.  Who has the right to place the roles of females and males on all society? Many factors come into play with regards on who has the say?  In my opinion females and males are equal and should be treated equally.  Women and men who hold the same job should be paid the same amount.  Women and men who decide to commit into marriage and raise a family should be held to the same responsibilities.  One should not assume that automatically the women will stay at home and raise the children, while the man goes on with his life and job as if nothing has changed.  They BOTH created the child and both should be held to it.  Because of history, ssociety and what we are told by families, women are expected to bare children cook, clean and take care of the home.  Sure they encourage school…but do they encourage the female to be strong in her career and to not give it up because you have children?  In most cases that’s a no.  Many women have fought to free females and the roles expected of us by society.  Such as the “Ain’t I a Woman?” speech given by Sojourner Truth, delivered at the 1851 Women’s Convention in Akron, Ohio, and the Equal Rights Amendment, written in 1921 by suffragist Alice Paul, the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions from the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention, prepared by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.  We should be thankful for the many who fought in time and the many whom are still fighting today.  One of the new plans developed to help gender equality is “The Gender Action Plan”.  “Although we see women front and center in areas such as education and health, we need more of it in those areas that support shared economic growth—such as infrastructure, finance, private sector development and agriculture. These are critical areas: women’s ability to benefit from investments in roads, energy, water, extension and financial services will profit not only women, but also men, children and society as a whole, as economies grow and poverty is reduced,” said Mr. Wolfowitz.  Though equality is still not served for women, the fight is still going strong and I can assure you it will not stop till equality is served.

~Khadijah M.

 

Gender January 30, 2007

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 3:46 am

Shana Brown

Gender: How others perceive you

 

     A person’s gender and a person’s sex do not go hand in hand. Your x and y chromosomes determined your sex when you were still in your mothers womb. You were born as either a boy or girl; male or female. If you are a girl your parents probably dressed you in cute little dresses, frilly socks, little patent leather mary-janes, and put bows in your hair. If you are a boy, your parents probably dressed you in a t- shirt with a football or soccer ball on it, a pair of khakis or jeans, and tennis shoes. You grew up knowing how to dress like a boy or a girl. In essence your parents introduced you to your gender. I say “probably” because, what if these roles were switched? What if your parents chose to dress you in the opposite attire for your sex? Your perception of how a woman or how a man are normally dressed would be way off kilter according to today‘s society. In popular culture if you were to step out into public in a different attire than your sex suggests you should dress, you would automatically be judged as a transvestite.

     Sometimes people make fashion choices for or against a particular look depending on what type of signal they wish to send. Stereotypically “gay” fashion choices include dressing against prevailing gender norms. For example, a trucker’s hat for a lesbian, or a pink shirt or looking fashionable or well kept for a gay man. While some people do exploit these stereotypes, many people either ignore them in their fashion choices, intentionally avoid them, or are unaware of them. The general corrosion of traditional gender norms through the centuries, for example: the term metro sexual, Katherine Hepburn making the trouser pant fashionable for women, David Bowie (http://www.govindagallery.com/pages/exhibitions/m_rock/bowie_big.jpg) and the “glam age” of rock music where musicians wore makeup on stage; has caused the traditional gender norms to mesh together and has sometimes made it hard to distinguish the sexual orientation/ gender of a person.

Gender: Women in society

“Men have always been afraid that women could get along without them.”

–Margaret Mead

     Gender is a social construct specifying the socially and culturally prescribed roles that men and women are to follow. Earlier notions of the roles of male and female were that the male was the primary force in the family. The male was the field worker, the main earner of income for the family. The woman was to stay at home; care for the children, and house. Times have changed. Ever since Susan B. Anthony and the second world war’s poster of Rosie the Riveter  , http://z.about.com/d/trucks/1/0/L/4/rosie_riveter.jpg

most women have been fulfilling their dreams of stepping outside of the preconceived boundaries of what a woman should be, and are getting jobs that men would normally have. For instance, women have been gaining power in the political world. Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan; Margaret Thatcher, former Prime Minister of Great Britain; Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka. Until recently, women have been low on the ladder of power in the American Government. The newly elected Speaker of the House, Representative Nancy Pelosi, is the first woman to be elected Speaker of the House. She is the first woman to be second in the line of succession to the presidency. Who said we couldn’t do it?!

                                                                              The “male privileges”:

     Being a woman I was intrigued by this paragraph and list. Some of the comments on the list disgusted me and some I highly agreed with: (http://colours.mahost.org/org/maleprivilege.html)

     “In the end, however, it is men and not women who make the most money; men and not women who dominate the government and the corporate boards; men and not women who dominate virtually all of the most powerful positions of society. And it is women and not men who suffer the most from intimate violence and rape; who are the most likely to be poor; who are, on the whole, given the short end of patriarchy’s stick. As Marilyn Frye has argued, while men are harmed by patriarchy, women are oppressed by it.

The Male Privilege Checklist:

  1.  
    1. My odds of being hired for a job, when competing against female applicants, are probably skewed in my favor. The more prestigious the job, the larger the odds are skewed.
    2. I can be confident that my co-workers won’t think I got my job because of my sex – even though that might be true.
    3. If I am never promoted, it’s not because of my sex.
    4. If I fail in my job or career, I can feel sure this won’t be seen as a black mark against my entire sex’s capabilities.
    5. The odds of my encountering sexual harassment on the job are so low as to be negligible.
    6. If I do the same task as a woman, and if the measurement is at all subjective, chances are people will think I did a better job.
    7. If I’m a teen or adult, and if I can stay out of prison, my odds of being raped are so low as to be negligible.
    8. I am not taught to fear walking alone after dark in average public spaces.
    9. If I choose not to have children, my masculinity will not be called into question.
    10. If I have children but do not provide primary care for them, my masculinity will not be called into question.
    11. If I have children and provide primary care for them, I’ll be praised for extraordinary parenting if I’m even marginally competent.
    12. If I have children and pursue a career, no one will think I’m selfish for not staying at home.
    13. If I seek political office, my relationship with my children, or who I hire to take care of them, will probably not be scrutinized by the press.
    14. Chances are my elected representatives are mostly people of my own sex. The more prestigious and powerful the elected position, the more likely this is to be true.
    15. I can be somewhat sure that if I ask to see “the person in charge,” I will face a person of my own sex. The higher-up in the organization the person is, the surer I can be.
    16. As a child, chances are I was encouraged to be more active and outgoing than my sisters.
    17. As a child, I could choose from an almost infinite variety of children’s media featuring positive, active, non-stereotyped heroes of my own sex. I never had to look for it; male heroes were the default.
    18. As a child, chances are I got more teacher attention than girls who raised their hands just as often.
    19. If my day, week or year is going badly, I need not ask of each negative episode or situation whether or not it has sexist overtones.
    20. I can turn on the television or glance at the front page of the newspaper and see people of my own sex widely represented, every day, without exception.
    21. If I’m careless with my financial affairs it won’t be attributed to my sex.
    22. If I’m careless with my driving it won’t be attributed to my sex.
    23. I can speak in public to a large group without putting my sex on trial.
    24. If I have sex with a lot of people, it won’t make me an object of contempt or derision.
    25. There are value-neutral clothing choices available to me; it is possible for me to choose clothing that doesn’t send any particular message to the world.
    26. My wardrobe and grooming are relatively cheap and consume little time.
    27. If I buy a new car, chances are I’ll be offered a better price than a woman buying the same car.
    28. If I’m not conventionally attractive, the disadvantages are relatively small and easy to ignore.
    29. I can be loud with no fear of being called a shrew. I can be aggressive with no fear of being called a bitch.
    30. I can ask for legal protection from violence that happens mostly to men without being seen as a selfish special interest, since that kind of violence is called “crime” and is a general social concern. (Violence that happens mostly to women is usually called “domestic violence” or “acquaintance rape,” and is seen as a special interest issue.)
    31. I can be confident that the ordinary language of day-to-day existence will always include my sex. “All men are created equal…,” mailman, chairman, freshman, he.
    32. My ability to make important decisions and my capability in general will never be questioned depending on what time of the month it is.
    33. I will never be expected to change my name upon marriage or questioned if i don’t change my name.
    34. The decision to hire me will never be based on assumptions about whether or not I might choose to have a family sometime soon.
    35. Every major religion in the world is led primarily by people of my own sex. Even God, in most major religions, is usually pictured as being male.
    36. Most major religions argue that I should be the head of my household, while my wife and children should be subservient to me.
    37. If I have a wife or girlfriend, chances are we’ll divide up household chores so that she does most of the labor, and in particular the most repetitive and unrewarding tasks.
    38. If I have children with a wife or girlfriend, chances are she’ll do most of the childrearing, and in particular the most dirty, repetitive and unrewarding parts of childrearing.
    39. If I have children with a wife or girlfriend, and it turns out that one of us needs to make career sacrifices to raise the kids, chances are we’ll both assume the career sacrificed should be hers.
    40. Magazines, billboards, television, movies, pornography, and virtually all of media is filled with images of scantily-clad women intended to appeal to me sexually. Such images of men exist, but are much rarer.
    41. I am not expected to spend my entire life 20-40 pounds underweight.
    42. If I am heterosexual, it’s incredibly unlikely that I’ll ever be beaten up by a spouse or lover.
    43. I have the privilege of being unaware of my male privilege.”

Just a few of my own comments about this list:

Number 2 and 3: If a woman gets a job above a male, it is because her credentials were superior to those of any of the males that applied for the job.

Number 6: Just because you are a male does not mean that you can automatically do a better job at a given task than I, a woman, can!

Number 10: If you had sex with a woman and the end result was her pregnancy… it’s your primary responsibility to care for her and your child. She did not get herself pregnant, you both did.

Number 12: Societies view on working mothers, I believe, is wrong. Society thinks that women should care for their children, dote on them all day, never let them think for themselves, shelter them in their own home. In my opinion, daycare or an alternative care other than myself is a good way for my child to become socially competent and functional in a fast paced world.

Number 24: Man or woman, it’s plain and simple; if you sleep around… you’re an object of disrespect and ridicule.

Number 31: I never thought of those words as a promotion for males. I have always considered them words or phrases. When you think about it, the word ‘woman’ also promotes the male sex.

Shana Brown (sorry this is so long)

 

My Perception of Gender in China January 28, 2007

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 7:38 am

     In ancient china, the concept of gender difference appears visually in the Taoist symbol, which is a circle comprises a white (light) swirl “Yang” and a black (dark) swirl “Ying”. The light swirl represents aggressive, brave, and strong male, while the dark swirl stands for dainty, submissive, and yielding female. Yang and Ying have the same size and shape but opposed color. This design expresses that both of them are equally important and their characteristics are obviously different.

     In the early feudal period in China, Chinese women obeyed her father or her husband or her son depending on the different stages of the women.

     By the late nineteenth, the concept of women’s liberation became a major motivating force in Chinese history. A core of educated women in china joined the call by speaking and writing in public for the first time. Although many people were interested in the independence of women, female activists were labeled unseemly, unfeminine, masculine, and too western.

     Between 1915 and 1925, women’s emancipation movement and the New Cultural Movement brought in new concepts about gender roles and feminism to Chinese people.

     From 1949, the communists erased the gender difference, women were freed to help build the “new society”. Mao Zedong (the first chairman of new china) coined the phrase “Women Hold up Half the Sky” and set in motion a campaign to get women out of the home and into the work force.

     By the end of 1980, women were urged to return to their traditional roles at home and at work, and to “feminize” their physical appearance. A new slogan “Women Hold up Two Skies!” was coined by a detractor to today’s modernization drive. It is dramatically illustrate these shifts from revolutionary times to today when over 80 percent of women work outside their homes and many of them participate in political activities.

     From the changes of Chinese women’s roles in the society, we could figure out the Chinese men’s roles in the society. They controlled the world outside their homes and had the authorities within their homes during feudalistic period. However, men lost parts of their privileges in contemporary China, because women strove for their rights unyieldingly and became more and more active in the society.

     How do we read the gender of contemporary Chinese people? You can follow your common sense. For instance, our culture assigns certain behaviors or characteristics to female. These may include make-up, wearing high heels, fashionable clothes or purses, refinement, and nursing. Nevertheless, It is indiscreet to conclude that women, more than men, are marked by cultural expectations. (WiT: pg.402 “Marked Women, Unmarked Men”). What we should know is that gender is built, invented, created. That is people constructed their gender. For example, I had a female classmate who was the smartest student in science and engineering field. She did very well in both schoolwork and research region. But she never wore feminized clothes and never got makeup. She prefers walking shoes all the time, in other words, she doesn’t have high heels. Neither does she like doing housework, nor she loves dating with a man. Many female friends were wondering what kind of person she would be and whether or not she does conform to its gender roles. As a matter of fact, her father wanted to have sons originally, but got three daughters instead. Her father taught his children how to be independent and responsible. Her mother worked very hard and never bought any cosmetics. That is why she constructed her gender as a man.

     Some facts about gender in china are very serious. Please look at next paragraph:  “Son preference affects all aspects of a woman’s life, including child care, health, education and employment, because she is discriminated against the moment she is born and sometimes even before if sex-selection procedures are available,” “China has one of the ‘world’s most skewed birth rates,’ with 117 boys born for every 100 girls in 1994,” In other words, China’s one-child-per-family, population-control policy, exacerbated by traditional, cultural preferences for boys, has systematically snuffed out an entire generation of girls — some 50 million. It has happened quietly because we can’t hear the screams of dying little girls here in the West, thanks to that familiar combination of brutal totalitarianism and a compliant press establishment.(http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=14380)

     In short, my perception of gender in china can be changed by the information I read and influenced by a number of facts I found.   ~~Shengli

 

A quick question to start discussion (comment) January 26, 2007

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 2:20 pm

How many of you know anyone who is transgendered?

Or is in the process of changing there sex?

Opinions/ Thoughts/ Comments!

posted by: Richard Lannen

 

Page Review – Gender Stereotypes and Sexual Archetypes

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 2:12 pm

just a link to an interesting site on gender stereotypes

http://www.friesian.com/gender

the site talks about metaphysics, and diffrent aspects of male and female attributes. it actually gets pretty crazy near the end talking about crazy .. see.

“This suggests comparison with some of the typological categories examined elsewhere, here shown combining Chinese symbols and virtues with various quasi-Jungian distinctions. The green dragon is male and represents Yang in the Chinese system, even though the element to which it corresponds, wood, is a Yin element. The “orange” tiger (which would really be white in Chinese five element theory) is female and represents Yin, even though its corresponding element is metal, whose hardness is archetypally Yang.”

the page goes to get crazier comparing some weird archetype phoenix and a turtle to represent gender stereotypes. i’ll leave you on another note:

Sugar and spice and everything nice,

That’s what little girls are made of.

Snips and snails and puppydog tails,

That’s what little boys are made of.’

-site doesn’t quote an author

Posted by: Richard Lannen

 

stereotypes of the male and female. January 25, 2007

Filed under: Gender — 1020blog @ 11:24 pm

Gender stereotypes.

Stereotypes follow each gender, some have been proven right while others were prven wrong. this list will contain stereotypes typical of the male/female gender.

Read and enjoy…

Girls always smell good.
Girls take forever to do anything.
Guys are stronger
Guys are better at sports.
Girls have higher gpa’s.
Guys are players.
Guys hate reading.
Girls are spoiled.
Girls are always moody.
Guys always have an I dont care attitude.
Girls try to work out problems while guys take immediate action.
Guys dont get grossed out by scrapes and bruises.
Guys are tough.
Guys are thickheaded.
Girls are aaccosiated by the color pink.
Guys are accosiated with the color blue.
Guys like cars.
Grils like dolls.
Guys become jocks in highschool.
Girls become cheerleaders.
Guys take 2 second showers.
Girls take 2 hour showers.
Girls hog the bathroom.
Girls love mirrors.
Guys like hats.
Girls like make-up.
Girls are fussy about there hair.
Guys could care less if there hair fell out.
Girls always have to match.
Guys wear whatever is clean.
Girls work in department stores.
Guys ussually work in messy places.
Girls like fashion magazines.
Guys like Car or porn magazines.
Girls are discrete about intamacy.
Guys brag about intamacy.
Girls are better drivers.
Guys have more tickets.
Girls never take chances.
Guys take too many chances.
Girls always talk too much on the phone.
Girls actually use only 5% of whats in their purse everything else is junk.
Guys always lose all arguments against girls.
Girls are nurses.
Guys are doctors.

Disclaimer: None of these stereotypes were put in here to directly affend either gender. this is just an assignment to save my grade in the end. Jenna may not even read this…

This is an added 212 word section! These stereotypes of the male and female gender are true in the sense of the typical male/female role. Todays society this may seem not to be true. The “home life” as we like to call it sets these rules. the typical american original gender role is that the guys like sports and dont care what they look like, while the girls are elegant and play with dolls and makeup.
There has seem to be numerous comments stating that this list is untrue. I would like to state that this blog is based on oppinions and is only a class assignment to get full credit.
Things to think about: If stereotypes do not occur anymore, why don’t we have a female president? Why is it more acceptable for girls to shave their legs than it is for guys? Why can guys sleep around and brag and girls cannot? who Fought in the civil war and who stayed home and took care of the children?
I also am trying to fill up space so i can reach the 500 word count. Gender is a broad subject and it can also be a very touchy subject. I warn anyone posting a blog after this one to watch what they say…

Word count: 511

JOE KRUPA